Wednesday, December 19, 2012

Frankfurter Tor (Friedrichshain)

Frankfurter Tor (Gate) is also part of the Stalinbau program, started after the end of the WWII by the DDR in Berlin.

The square was named after the 18th century city gate (first made of wood, then by stone) on the road to Frankfurt (Oder), which however was located 800 meters westwards near Weberwiese station.

The design for the building was by architect Hermann Henselmann who emerged in 1953 as the winner of a competition. The idea of the competition was quite strict: people coming from East (Russia and Poland) must have the feeling of an entrance to a monumental city,  always in the idea of a flagship building project of East Germany's reconstruction programme after World War II. (See Stalinbau).
The prominent twin towers were built between 1953 and 1956 resembling the two cathedrals on Gendarmenmarkt.
More infos: WIKI (german)

All images are under CC Creative Commons (Attribution, Noncommercial, No Derivative Works), please refer to " darioj laganà | www.norte.it "











Tuesday, December 18, 2012

Stalinbau (Friedrichshain - Mitte)



At the end of the WWII, Mitte and Friedrichhain were severely damaged and inside the Soviet zone, directly on the way from Germany to Russia.

This monumental socialist boulevard was built by the DDR between 1952 and 1960, it was named Stalinallee between 1949 and 1961 and was a flagship building project of East Germany's reconstruction programme after World War II.

Workers from all around europe were called to help, a lot of women (Trümmerfrauen) took on the gruelling task of clearing the debris that once choked the city, in order to build this new dream of palaces for the working class.

“Bau auf! bau auf! bau auf! bau auf! Freie Deutsche Jugend Bau auf! Fur eine bessere Zukunft, bauern wir die Heimat auf… ” (“Build up, build up, build up, build up! Free German Youth build up! For a better future, we are building the homeland up…”) [The women who raised the rubble]

Most of the buildings are covered by architectural ceramics, the first buildings coming from Alexanderplatz are built with more details and the last ones, as long the rear courtyards, have less.

On June 17, 1953 the Stalinallee became the focus of a worker uprising which endangered the young state's existence. Builders and construction workers demonstrated against the communist government, leading to a national uprising. The rebellion was quashed with Soviet tanks and troops, resulting in the loss of at least 125 lives.

Going on with the years, with the De-Stalinization, the monument to Stalin disappears and the name was changed to Karl-Marx-Strasse.

See also: Seven Sisters
More infos: WIKI
Map: http://goo.gl/maps/xyjKZ

All images are under CC Creative Commons (Attribution, Noncommercial, No Derivative Works), please refer to " darioj laganà | www.norte.it "





















Monday, December 17, 2012

Wasserturm (Steglitz)

The water tower is a monument in the Steglitz district of Steglitz-Zehlendorf and it's inside the cemetery, The 42 meter high tower was designed by Hans Heinrich Müller and built in the years 1915 to 1919.

It seems that it was not been used and left abadoned for a long time, then it has been restored by the city together with Arzneimittelinformation Berlin GmbH, a medical press company.

More photos: Arznei-Telegramm website
Map: http://goo.gl/maps/dsPmx



All images are under CC Creative Commons (Attribution, Noncommercial, No Derivative Works), please refer to " darioj laganà | www.norte.it "







Tuesday, December 11, 2012

Postamt (Steglitz)

This building is from 1907 and it's still working as post office.
The architect is Wilhelm Walter, the same from the
Victoria Versicherung.


Map: http://goo.gl/maps/ORmfA

All images are under CC Creative Commons (Attribution, Noncommercial, No Derivative Works), please refer to " darioj laganà | www.norte.it "






Friday, December 7, 2012

The oldest watertower: Wasserturm (Prenzlauer Berg)

Generally a water tower is an elevated structure supporting a water tank constructed at a height sufficient to pressurize a water supply system for the distribution of potable water, and to provide emergency storage for fire protection. [WIKI]

In Germany Wasserturm are part of the List for preservation of sites of historic interest (Denkmalschutz). The one in Prenzlauerberg is the oldest in Berlin, completed in 1877 and in use until 1952.

Below the water tank were the homes of the machinists of the tower, and these apartments in the landmark of Prenzlauer Berg have been then renovated.

At Nazi's time, the water tower was used by the SA as concentration camp for communists, socialists, Jews and others, interned without trial and murdered. Then it was was converted to "SA-Heim Wasserturm", where it was used as a dining room and lounge, and the power house as a dormitory. In autumn 1934 the SA home was closed and started the transformation of the site into a public park, the power house was blown up in June 1935 (at its place there's now a playground).

There's also another small one on the other side and the two are connected.
The underground parts of both are now used for art installations and exhibitions.

More info: WIKI (german)
Map: http://goo.gl/maps/hPhvP

All images are under CC Creative Commons (Attribution, Noncommercial, No Derivative Works), please refer to " darioj laganà | www.norte.it "